Kaaba is a building located in the center of the Great Mosque of Mecca, in Saudi Arabia. It is one of the holiest sites in Islam and considered the House of Allah, and is the focal point of the annual Hajj pilgrimage to Mecca.
The history of the Kaaba can be traced back to ancient times, with some reports indicating that it was originally built by the Prophet Adam as the first place of worship on Earth. However, it is widely believed that the Kaaba was rebuilt by the Prophet Ibrahim (Abraham) and his son Ismail (Ishmael) as a monotheistic center of worship, according to Islamic tradition.
Over the centuries, the Kaaba has undergone several reconstructions and renovations, the most significant of which was carried out by the Prophet Muhammad himself, who is said to have rededicated the Kaaba to the worship of Allah in the year 630 CE after he conquered Mecca.
Since then, the Kaaba has been a sacred site for Muslims around the world. The building is made of granite and measures approximately 50 feet high and 35 feet wide. The Kaaba is covered in a black silk and gold cloth known as the Kiswa, which is changed every year during the Hajj.
Muslims believe that the Kaaba symbolizes the unity of the Muslim community and represents the focal point of their faith. Pilgrims who visit the Kaaba during the Hajj or Umrah pilgrimage walk around it seven times counterclockwise, in a ritual called Tawaf, as a symbol of their devotion to Allah.